Madagascar presents an interesting renewable energy potential yet remains underexploited. The extremely lower access level to electricity of the population (19%) shows that the local market is still in high demand.
There are 660 hydroelectric sites providing up to 7,800 MW. The most interesting ones are centralized in the East and the North sides of the Island as well as in the central highlands. Currently, the hydroelectric power generation is restricted to 115 MW allotted between the 3 interconnected grids of Antananarivo, Toamasina and Fianarantsoa.
The Law N° 98-032 of 20th January, 1999 on reform of the electricity sector leads to a free and healthy competition. In order to produce, to transport and to distribute electricity, the new public or private, national or foreign operators shall obtain an authorization, a license or a statement according to the utility of services and the capacity to produce.
|Public service||≤500 kW||Authorization|
|Hydraulic self-production||≤500 kW||Statement|
|> 500 kW||Authorization|
- Loi N° 98-032 du 20 janvier 1999 portant réforme du secteur de l’électricité.
- Loi N° 034-2008 du 13 novembre 2008 portant modification et ajustement de certaines dispositions de la Loi N° 98-032 du 20 janvier 1999