Living in Madagascar

14 Sep 2017
Ways and customs

The Malagasy language « Malagasy » comes from the combination of the Malayo-indonesian, Arabic, Swahili languages and the direct and literal translation of the French and English languages. There are 18 tribes in Madagascar; each of them speaks their own dialects. Nevertheless, Malagasy people understand each other through the “official Malagasy” language.
The respect of the ancestors, the elders and the « fihavanana » (friendship) is very important in the Malagasy culture. That is the reason why, when a Malagasy person takes the floor, he spends several minutes to apologize before getting in the heart of the matter.
The Malagasy traditional music is similar to the western operetta. It is special thanks to its moralizing themes full of humor and most of the time it takes place in the street or in the “kianja” (show-site).
The respect of the ancestors or « Razana » urges some ethnic groups to face some real funeral arts and to practice the “famadihana” (exhumation).
Malagasy people are known for their pacifism and their great tolerance. However, they set a high value upon ways and customs especially in villages: mainly the respect of the elderly and the compliance with the “fady” (taboo) and interdicts. Thus, prior to any shooting, please ask for authorization.

CollegesPublic Universities

Instituts supérieurs de technologie (Technology colleges)

Ecoles polytechniques (Polytechnic colleges)

Private and public colleges

Distance learning university

High schools and schoolsPublic schools and high schools

Private schools and high schools

French schools and high schools

American school (Antananarivo)

Primary schoolsPublic primary schools

Private primary schools

French primary schools

Anglo French primary shools

Hospitals in Antananarivo
Public hospitals

HJRA Hôpital Joseph Ravoahangy Andrianavalona

Hôpital Dr Raseta Befelatanana

Centre Hospitalier de Soavinandriana


Hôpital Médico-Chirurgical d’Antsirabe – Est de Sabotsy


Hôpital Militaire d’Antsiranana

Hôpital de Sambava


Centre Hospitalier Universitaire d’Androva


Centre Hospitalier Régional de Toamasina


Centre Hospitalier Régional de Toliara

Private hospitalsClinique des Sœurs_Antananarivo

Polyclinique et Matérnité d’Ilafy_Antananarivo

Clinique Saint Paul_Antananarivo

Hôpital Mpitsabo Mikambana_Antananarivo

Clinique Village des Jeux Ankorondrano_Antananarivo

Clinique Noa_Antananarivo

Clinique Médicale Adventiste_Antananarivo

Espace Médicale (Antananarivo_ Antsirabe_ Majunga_ Nosy Be_ Antsiranana_ Toamasina)

Currency rate March 2016
EUR3 454.003 520.00
USD3 175.003 235.00
Air fares
Fares (EUR)
National flights (Round trip ticket) with Air Madagascar or Madagascar Airways

from Antananarivo to Diego Suarez/ Toliara /Fort Dauphin /Sainte Marie /Majunga /Sambava /Morondava /Toamasina /…

> 244
Water & Electricity
HeadingConsumptionCosts (EUR)
Water=10 m30.10/m3
>10 m30.29/m3
Electricity=130 kWh0.08/kWh-0.19kWh
>130 KWh2.49/kWh
Fuel and gas (March 2016)
ProductsCosts (EUR)
Fuel (l)
Unleaded 950.97
Diesel oil0.79
Gas (cylinder)
Butane gas 12.5 kg29.09
Butane gas 9kg20.41
Butane gas 6kg14.62
Monthly rents
RentingCosts (EUR/month)
Villa> 286
Flat> 229
Subscription costs/International radio
ProvidersSubscription durationCosts (EUR)Available channels, radio and services (Qty)
Canal+ Madagascar1 to 12 months> 8.58> 76
ParaboleMadagascarat least 12 months> 8.01> 69
Blueline TVFrom 1 month> 4.29> 27
Communication costs
Telma mobile

Pack (call/sms/internet)

> 500 Ar/day
Telma fixe


unlimited: weekend, day off, at night (8pm to 6am)

unlimited: 6am to 6pm


1000 Ar/10mn

1000 Ar/day

2000 Ar/day


Pack (call/sms/internet)


> 450 Ar/day





> 8 Ar/s

> 700 Ar/day

Internet Mobile
Telma (100Mo – 1Go) per week3 000 – 12 500 Ar/week
Orange (100Mo – 50 Go) the validity is variable3 000 Ar/3days-275 000 Ar/2months
Airtel (100Mo – 200 Go) the validity is variable3 000 Ar/3days-199 000 Ar/month
Internet Fixe
pack Telma fixe (appel 1h + 1,5Go per month)229 000 Ar/mn
pack Telma fixe (appel 1h + 500 Mo per month)129 000 Ar/mn
Orange (1Go – 50 Go)22 500 – 239 500 Ar/mn
Airtel (1Go – 200 Go)45 000 – 199 000 Ar/m
Blueline (200 Mo – illimité)10 000 – 129 000 Ar/m
Airtel> 2 600Ar/6mn
Orange> 3,6 Ar/s
Telma> 14,5 Ar/s
Blueline> 300 Ar/mn